“You Are Not Hearing Me!”: Principles of Dialogue & Communication

The previous post in this series has provided a historical contextualization of the evolution of means of dialogue and communication, but we now must dive deeper and explore what constitutes dialogue. After all, a means of communication is useless if the there is no communication occurring. But this raises an important question: what is the nature of communication and dialogue? To answer this we will utilize the climax of the recent Western film Hostiles which we reviewed recently, which is natural given that this film was the driving impetus behind this series.

We will situate ourselves in the climax of the film where our travelers have finally reached their destination of the ancestral homeland of our Indian Chief Yellow Hawk where he will be buried. However, the ritual is interrupted as the new owners of the land, a group of hard-edged ranchers, arrive and immediately start the discussion on not so friendly terms. It is this exchange in dialogue between the ranchers and Joseph that will provide a narrative reference for our analysis.

Jospeh informs the men that he has explicit orders directly from the President of the United States to transport Yellow Hawk to his homeland and lay him to rest amongst his ancestors. The ranchers are unconvinced by this direct order from the President despite Joseph presenting documents cementing his case and proclaim that the President cannot tell him what they may or may not do on the land. Joseph attempts to salvage some sort of dialogue by informing the ranchers that he understands their grievances and lack of notification of this burial, but that they must understand the exceptional circumstances of the situation and respect the wishes of the the Chief and the President. This does nothing to improve the standing between the two parties and the ranchers quickly order our travelers to immediately vacate the property and carry the corpse of Yellow Hawk as they will not tolerate a ‘savage’ being buried on their land. This only further escalates the volatility of the exchange and our key moment springs to life: Joseph proclaims that the ranchers are not hearing what he has to say to which the ranchers reply that Joseph is not hearing what they have to say. With no Modus Vivendi (peaceful resolution) in sight guns are drawn and blood is spilt and the tragedy and danger of ignorance is unfolded.

Although this scene may seem fairly shallow and par for the course in a Western, that position is lacking and misses the deeper themes implicit in it. In order to understand this scene we must start with the statement “You are not hearing me” as our founding premise. This statement is especially interesting when we ask the question why are they unable to hear each other? Both Joseph and the ranchers speak English which eliminates any potential language barriers and both have a shared cultural and socio-economic background as hard-working Anglo-Saxon Americans. Furthermore, the phrase has a more paradoxical aspect when we realize the fact that both men have the physical ability to detect sound waves and are not suffering from deafness or any other sensory limitation.  This begs the question: why are they not able to hear each other in light of the fact that there are no apparent obstructions preventing them from literally hearing each other?

This suggests that the essence of dialogue is something non-physical, although that is not to say that terrestrial factors like language or culture have no bearing whatsoever, which is a silly position, but that it is secondary in importance when considering the overall hierarchy of the elements constituting the totality of communication.  Additionally, dialogue and communication fundamentally require shared essential or founding ideas and values for it to be productive. By extension, this means that communication is predicated in ideas and mans Intellect, and to tie this with the scene in context, it means that physical conflicts are simply manifestations of a conflict of ideas and vision. If we extend this principle even further to the contemporary global climate we see why nearly all dialogues or exchanges are doomed from the start because there is no shared principles and ideas to provide a framework of reference. The phenomenon of television and internet  interviews or debates is unraveled at its root and explains why these endeavors devolve to hostility, shouting matches, and pointless conversations that start nowhere and get nowhere.  These attempts at dialogue amount simply to pure sophistry not concerned at all with ideas or Intellectual exploration and crash and burn into intellectual wreckage and chaos under the weight of their own stupidity and superficiality.

We are now faced with a interesting question: what can transcend these semantic games and sophistry to provide meaningful dialogue? This question will lay the foundation for our concluding post in this series and allow us to get to the bottom of this phenomenon. We will leave a quote commonly attributed to Plato but regardless of its authorship what is important is its wisdom.

“Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something”

“You Are Not Hearing Me!”: Paradoxes of Communication

The human being is defined on a fundamental level by his Intelligence and Mind which is manifested most clearly by the phenomenon of speech and language. Nomadic Ancient societies, particularly Semites, were orally focused and those with the talents of speech, particularly poetry, held high status and influence. With the shift to sedentary society came the development of agriculture,writing, and the urban city.  Writing became an indispensable tool both in intellectual and practical pursuits. Laws could formally codified and written thus establishing the order and rule of law necessary for social stability, which was especially useful for effectively dealing with the large populations forming in cities. The writer therefore surpassed the orator, although often the two talents merged together as was the case of Cicero and St. Bernard of Clairvaux. The writers and scribes became essential figures in the Middle Ages and were greatly valued both by the Sacred and Profane authorities in Europe as has been explored excellently int he following book: https://www.amazon.ca/Book-Bibles-Stephan-F%C3%BCssel/dp/3836559137.

The next shift came with the emergence of the Gutenberg printing press  in the 15th century which now expanded the audience a work of writing could reach and the speed at which it could be produced. Handwriting of books took immense labor and time  and the printing press became the ideal solution to this logistical issue. The printing press remained in large scale until the advent of the Internet in the late 20th century and radically changed the world. The Digital Age has provided global reach and accessibility to information and a plethora of avenues including Social Media, Video Sharing, Websites, and Blogs such as this. There has never been such multitude of means of communication and potential audiences.

However, despite this availability of vast means of communication we have been presented with an interesting paradox which has manifested itself in the current volatile global climate which was  kicked off of with the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 US Elections. There is a increasing lack of understanding and discernment despite the fact that we have more avenues than ever before. How could we become more and more incapable of dialogue and understanding  despite the increasing number of methods of communication? This will lay out the context and frame work for part 2 of this work which will explore the nature of dialogue and understanding and its relationship to methods of communication.

Hostiles (2018) Review and Analysis: Resurgence of the Western

The recent release of Hostiles starring legendary actor Christian Bale has brought the Western back into current cinematic consciousness and reminded us once again of the great dramatic and cinematic power inherent in the Western and its ability to appeal to audiences all around the globe and transcend geographic and cultural differences.

Where Hostiles succeeds is in its focus on the characters of the film and exploring the internal dynamics of a variety of personalities and archetypes. The film is carried primarily by the characters of Joseph and Rosalie who are unified by the phenomenon of Theodicy, albeit at opposing sides. Joseph is a man hardened by the brutal life on the American frontier and has great contempt for the Indians and committed great injustice against these peoples and is thus a perpetrator. On the other hand, Rosalie is a victim of injustice as a rogue Indian tribe murders her family and destroy her life and plunges into a difficult existential predicament. This makes the crossing of paths all the more interesting between these two characters; the are both united by this common theme of Theodicy despite their apparently unrelated circumstances. Both of them grapple with the viciousness they encounter and experience on the frontier and its relationship to God and how they are to deal with this mysterious phenomenon. It is rare to find a mainstream Hollywood give a positive account of religion, particularly Christianity, and even rarer to have a movie take on complex and deep phenomenon such as Theodicy and do it intelligently.

However, it is interesting to see how slow, intelligent films will fare in the near future, particularly Westerns,  as Disney blockbusters saturate the market and audiences increasingly turn to streaming services like Netflix. The box office failure of Bladerunner 2049 will certainly be on the minds of directors and studios as they consider whether such projects are worth investing time and capital in and whether audiences will appreciate their approach to story telling. Time will only tell but if the current state of affairs is anything to go by then the future is looking very bleak.

 

Reading List

Reading is a time consuming and laborious activity which may explain its noticeable decline in the culture at large in favor of information delivered instantaneously through the Internet, particularly social social media platforms and video services such as Youtube. Regardless, reading is an exceptionally rewarding and fulfilling activity when one has the self-discipline and patience to pursue it. Here is a short list of some books recently finished and on the burner. The list will certainly change as new books are discovered. Links will be provided for those who may want to pursue these books. Future posts on some of these books will eventually be provided as well.

  1. An Arab-Syrian Gentlemen and Warrior in the Period of the Crusades: Memoirs of Usama ibn Munqidh (https://www.amazon.ca/Arab-Syrian-Gentleman-Warrior-Period-Crusades/dp/0231121253)
  2. Prometheus Rebound: The Irony of Atheism (https://www.amazon.ca/Prometheus-Rebound-Joseph-C-McLelland/dp/088920974X)
  3. The Book of Miracles (https://www.amazon.ca/Book-Miracles-2nd-Till-Holger-Borchert/dp/3836564149/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1509990514&sr=1-1&keywords=the+book+of+miracles)
  4. I Goldstein: My Screwed Up Life (https://www.amazon.ca/I-Goldstein-My-Screwed-Life/dp/1560258683/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1509990561&sr=1-1&keywords=i+goldstein)

 

Grenfell Tower Fire: The Power of Circumstances

The summer of 2017 marked one of the deadliest fires in Great Britain since the Blitz of the Second World War and a very sobering lesson in the design and construction of safe buildings. Our school of architecture had decided to implement a research project on Grenfell Tower (with some convincing from yours truly). This was a great addition for several reasons: we had an opportunity to study a very recent event still fresh in the minds of the public, to see the real world application of building safety and regulation, and to be more conscious of the responsibility and social contract architects have to society at large.

Now one of the most fascinating aspects of the Grenfell fire was the vast intersection of circumstances tailor made for a tragedy like this. From the combustible cladding, lack of a sprinkler system, poor plan design, and the presence of one exit staircase. These circumstances seemed like a match made in heaven for some sort of calamity to occur. It is quit easy to blame one single factor and to become narrow minded in your vision; this is especially understandably considering the many intense emotions the discussion will arouse. However, it is important to develop the ability to have a discerning and broad vision that can pierce the problem from multiple angles and form a circumvisional perspective of a given situation. Having this state of mind allows one to better assess and understand the unique factors of a situation and to better contextualize and understand them in relation to each other and as a whole.

To conclude, we will summarize two primary principles from the Grenfell tower: the infinitely complex spider web of circumstances and causal factors in reality and the importance of having a penetrating and discerning Mind and a broad vision in all endeavors and daily life.