“You Are Not Hearing Me!”: Ontology of Communication and Communication of Ontology

We have thus far laid out the historical evolution of communication and essential principles of communication, but we have not yet addressed the heart of the matter. We must now explore the  fundamental nature of communication and its situation in the human experience.

We understand, perhaps better now in a post-rational world, that man is not exclusively a thinking and rational being, although that is not to say he is an irrational being incapable of rational thought. Certainly, man is a thinking Being, and this ability to think being his defining characteristic above all other creatures, he is also a Being who feels, wills, and ultimately becomes. This presents a conception that considers man as a complex and dynamic Being and not simply a rationalistic computer program.

Therefore, we are in need of a conception of communication that can not only transcend linguistic and geographical boundaries but also boundaries such as education and intellectual-cultural circumstances. More than that, we need something that is not merely a vehicle of communication but something which constitutes the essence of communication itself, and what better candidate than Being itself.

Being is something that belongs to the domain of Ontology and which has been shut out of intellectual discourse ever since Descartes laid the course of Western thought with the Cogito, but which has come back into the fold with Heidegger and Father Cornelio Fabro’s resuscitation of Thomistic metaphysics, although this has not penetrated into the mainstream of intellectual thought that still operates within the paradigm of Cartesian Immanentism.

We could play the semantic game of attempting to define and pin down exactly what Being is but this would not only be counter-productive but would the point of the discussion entirely. Rather, Being should be envisioned as something we cannot define but which we know is real and tangible and which we can comprehend in the way it interacts and behaves, much in the same way we have not yet defined or truly understood what matter is despite understanding what it is comprised of and how it behaves; an axiomatic principle necessary for any worldview or proposition to function as proven by Gödel’s Completeness Theorem.

Additionally, we can understand that Being is not something static but something that, through the process of Becoming, expands, contracts, or, worse, stagnates. Being is therefore something that can be cultivated and thus increase in intensity or magnitude which naturally leads to disparities and hierarchies of Being and Beings. A useful example of this is the human body and its becoming. If we were to compare the body of Arnold Schwarzenegger to a overweight and unhealthy mans we can see an obvious and striking discrepancy of Being which communicates to us on a fundamental ontological level the state and character of these two Beings. However, the process of Becoming is not arbitrary or oriented solely for the purpose of change for changes sake, rather, it has the chief objective of vertical transformation or transcendence. However, being can accumulate intensity in a multitude of directions and Rene Geunon’s conception of Being with the symbol of the three dimensional cross is an especially comprehensive aid in this regard. We have in this symbolism a two dimensional plane for the horizontal expansion of Being, but more importantly a vertical axis that corresponds to transcendence both in a positive (upward) pole and in a negative (downward) pole, which represents holy or angelic states in the former and demonic or satanic states in the latter.

This conception provides a dynamic and deeper understanding of Being that does not restricted by the inherent limitations of the good-evil binary and which can better account for evil with its symbolism of negative-transcendence. A striking example of this this conception can be found in the characters of the Batman and the Joker in the 2008 film ‘The Dark Knight’. In this narrative we have embodiments of exceptional evil and exceptional good which correspond to intense Beings respectively speaking but with opposing orientations. The Joker himself observes this and comments that both him and the Batman are identical and that only the two of them could truly understand each other while the mediocre and two-dimensional or primarily horizontal Beings that comprise Gotham City and the Police Department  dismiss them as ‘freaks’. This means that disparities in Being lead to disparities in communication which lead to misunderstanding and eventually culminate in violence or a clash of Being.

Likewise, in the climactic finale of Hostiles we have a similar scenario where a unremarkable horizontal Being in the form of the ranchers encounter a exceptional Being in the form of Joseph. This disparity in Being makes the two-dimensional Beings incapable of understanding or forming a common basis for dialogue with the exceptional Being. This disparity eventually culminates in catastrophe and signifies that disparities in Being lead to disparities in communication which lead to misunderstanding and eventually culminate in violence or a clash of Being.

However, this ontological conflict also has a positive connotation; it implies that who and what you are ontologically is connected to how you perceive and understand the world and inevitably how you communicate with the world and those who inhabit it. We can observe, therefore, that Being is the most essential and fundamental principle of communication and is in fact communication itself as all communication is an exchange of Being and Being is at the core of Reality. Communication alone is meaningless and is an empty vessel without ontological Reality to give it meaning and substance, which is synonymous for Being itself; Being produces Being.

While it is easy to dismiss Being as some untenable idealistic goal with no practical implications in the monotony of everyday life, this would be presumptuous and part-in-parcel of the modern/ post-modern materialistic historiography and determinism that operates solely within the horizontal realm of two-dimensional existence and is incapable of conceiving of transcendence. The manner in which a worldview, and de facto a civilization, conceives of and understands Being and its implications, will determine the course it takes in all its manifestations. Traditional civilization was predicated on the cultivation of Being and transcendence, which imbued Traditional civilizations with a heavenly or vertical orientation  while modernity, on the other hand, has developed on an exclusively horizontal direction in the material realm and has imbued this with a pseudo-transcendent character with the presumptuous notion of ‘progress’ in broader civilizational context and with the void of ‘consumerism’ on the individual existential level where the accumulation of consumer products and goods is a form of transcendence. We can now understand the importance of fundamental principles as Descartes misunderstanding of Being with the Cogito and the subsequent Immanentism was the progenitor of modernity and responsible for all the consequences that have manifested themselves to the present. Rather than being a irrelevant ideal, Being and Ontology are at the heart of civilization and dictate all facets of a civilization from the individual all the way up to the economy and military; what you are in transposed onto what and how you communicate and by extension how a civilization organizes its economy, how its members interact with each other, and even how it wages war.

Through the course of this study we have embarked on an exploration traversing difficult intellectual terrain and bringing unlikely travellers along for the journey. We have shown the importance of ideas and principles both in the life of man both in a singular and broader macrocosmic civilizational sense. We have extracted significant themes from a brief scene in a Hollywood Western which has defied the stacked odds and perhaps given some hope in the intellectual capacity of the creative wing of Hollywood to produce insightful and deep substantive narratives that speak to the human condition and explore vital principles pertaining to it. We have moved from the limited setting of the American Wild West to the founding principles of modernity and the course these principles have set the Western Mind and Western Civilization on. In a time where both the Intellect and Character have been trampled on and cast aside it is more important than ever to nurture and cultivate these faculties in conjunction with our Being to rise above the muddy waters and transcend. A final quotation from Heraclitus, one of the great minds of the classical tradition, will provide words for reflection and hope in our journeys through the ocean of life: ‘Character is Destiny’.

“You Are Not Hearing Me!”: Paradoxes of Communication

The human being is defined on a fundamental level by his Intelligence and Mind which is manifested most clearly by the phenomenon of speech and language. Nomadic Ancient societies, particularly Semites, were orally focused and those with the talents of speech, particularly poetry, held high status and influence. With the shift to sedentary society came the development of agriculture,writing, and the urban city.  Writing became an indispensable tool both in intellectual and practical pursuits. Laws could formally codified and written thus establishing the order and rule of law necessary for social stability, which was especially useful for effectively dealing with the large populations forming in cities. The writer therefore surpassed the orator, although often the two talents merged together as was the case of Cicero and St. Bernard of Clairvaux. The writers and scribes became essential figures in the Middle Ages and were greatly valued both by the Sacred and Profane authorities in Europe as has been explored excellently int he following book: https://www.amazon.ca/Book-Bibles-Stephan-F%C3%BCssel/dp/3836559137.

The next shift came with the emergence of the Gutenberg printing press  in the 15th century which now expanded the audience a work of writing could reach and the speed at which it could be produced. Handwriting of books took immense labor and time  and the printing press became the ideal solution to this logistical issue. The printing press remained in large scale until the advent of the Internet in the late 20th century and radically changed the world. The Digital Age has provided global reach and accessibility to information and a plethora of avenues including Social Media, Video Sharing, Websites, and Blogs such as this. There has never been such multitude of means of communication and potential audiences.

However, despite this availability of vast means of communication we have been presented with an interesting paradox which has manifested itself in the current volatile global climate which was  kicked off of with the election of Donald Trump in the 2016 US Elections. There is a increasing lack of understanding and discernment despite the fact that we have more avenues than ever before. How could we become more and more incapable of dialogue and understanding  despite the increasing number of methods of communication? This will lay out the context and frame work for part 2 of this work which will explore the nature of dialogue and understanding and its relationship to methods of communication.